ASTM International - ASTM D7343-12(2017)

Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 June 2017
Status: historical
Page Count: 7
ICS Code (Physicochemical methods of analysis): 71.040.50
significance And Use:

3.1 Accurate elemental analyses of samples of petroleum and petroleum products are required for the determination of chemical properties, which are in turn used to establish compliance with... View More

scope:

1.1 This practice covers information relating to sampling, calibration and validation of X-ray fluorescence instruments for elemental analysis, including all kinds of wavelength dispersive (WDXRF) and energy dispersive (EDXRF) techniques. This practice includes sampling issues such as the selection of storage vessels, transportation, and sub-sampling. Treatment, assembly, and handling of technique-specific sample holders and cups are also included. Technique-specific requirements during analytical measurement and validation of measurement for the determination of trace elements in samples of petroleum and petroleum products are described. For sample mixing, refer to Practice D5854. Petroleum products covered in this practice are considered to be a single phase and exhibit Newtonian characteristics at the point of sampling.

1.2 Applicable Test Methods-This practice is applicable to the XRF methods under the jurisdiction of ASTM Subcommittee D02.03 on Elemental Analysis, and those under the jurisdiction of the Energy Institute's Test Method Standardization Committee (Table 1). Some of these methods are technically equivalent though they may differ in details (Table 2).

TABLE 1 XRF Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants

Technique Analysis ASTM EI
WD-XRF Sulfur in Petroleum Products D2622  
  Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils and Additives D4927 IP 407
  Lead in Gasoline D5059 IP 228
  Lead in Gasoline   IP 489
  Sulfur in Gasoline D6334  
  Additive Elements in Lube Oils and Additives D6443  
  Vanadium and Nickel   IP 433
  Sulfur   IP 447
  Sulfur in Automotive Fuels   IP 497
  Chlorine and Bromine   IP 503
  Sulfur in Ethanol as Blending Agent   IP 553
  Si, Cr, Ni, Fe, and Cu in Used Greases   IP 560
  Several Metals in Burner Fuels Derived from Waste Mineral Oils   IP 593
MWD-XRF Sulfur in Gasoline and Diesel D7039  
  Silicon in Gasoline and Naphtha D7757  
ED-XRF Sulfur in Petroleum Products D4294 IP 336
  Sulfur in Gasoline D6445  
  Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils D6481  
  Sulfur in Automotive Fuels D7212 IP 531
  Sulfur in Automotive Fuels D7220 IP 532
  Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils D7751  
  Lead in Gasoline   IP 352
  Sulfur in Automotive Fuels   IP 496
  Low Sulfur in Automotive Fuels   IP 600

TABLE 2 Technically Equivalent XRF Test Methods for Petroleum Products and LubricantsA

Analysis ASTM EI Other
Sulfur by WD-XRF D2622   DIN 51400T6;
JIS K3541
Additive Elements by WE-XRF D4927 IP 407 DIN 51391T2
Lead in Gasoline D5059 IP 228  
Sulfur by ED-XRF D4294 IP 336 ISO 8754
Sulfur in Automotive Fuels D7212 IP 531  
Sulfur in Automotive Fuels D7220 IP 532  

(A) Nadkarni, R. A., Guide to ASTM Test Methods for the Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants, 2nd edition, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2007.

1.3 Applicable Fluids-This practice is applicable to petroleum and petroleum products with vapor pressures at sampling and storage temperatures less than or equal to 101 kPa (14.7 psi). Use Practice D4057 or IP 475 to sample these materials. Refer to Practice D5842 when sampling materials that also require Reid vapor pressure (RVP) determination.

1.4 Non-applicable Fluids-Petroleum products whose vapor pressure at sampling and sample storage conditions are above 101 kPa (14.7 psi) and liquefied gases (that is, LNG, LPG, etc.) are not covered by this practice.

1.5 Sampling Methods-The physical sampling and methods of sampling from a primary source are not covered by this guide. It is assumed that samples covered by this practice are a representative sample of the primary source liquid. Refer to Practice D4057 or IP 475 for detailed sampling procedures.

1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

1.6.1 Exception-The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Document History

July 1, 2020
Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
1.1 This practice covers information relating to sampling, calibration and validation of X-ray fluorescence instruments for elemental analysis, including all kinds of wavelength dispersive (WDXRF)...
June 1, 2018
Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
1.1 This practice covers information relating to sampling, calibration and validation of X-ray fluorescence instruments for elemental analysis, including all kinds of wavelength dispersive (WDXRF)...
ASTM D7343-12(2017)
June 1, 2017
Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
1.1 This practice covers information relating to sampling, calibration and validation of X-ray fluorescence instruments for elemental analysis, including all kinds of wavelength dispersive (WDXRF)...
December 1, 2012
Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
1.1 This practice covers information relating to sampling, calibration and validation of X-ray fluorescence instruments for elemental analysis, including all kinds of wavelength dispersive (WDXRF)...
August 1, 2007
Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
1.1 This practice covers information relating to sampling, calibration and validation of X-ray fluorescence instruments for elemental analysis, including all kinds of wavelength dispersive (WDXRF)...
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