ASTM International - ASTM D4675-09

Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials

historical
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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 March 2009
Status: historical
Page Count: 18
ICS Code (Packaging materials and accessories): 55.040
significance And Use:

This guide assists the user in selecting a strapping material and configuration for initial handling, transit, and storage tests. It describes general unit (load) types, strapping properties,... View More

scope:

1.1 This guide covers information on flat strapping materials (steel or nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and applied configuration for use in packaging (closing, reinforcing, baling, unitizing, or palletizing) and loading (load unitization and securement to transport vehicle) applications. The use applies to handling, securement, storage, and distribution systems.

1.2 Carrier associations have established certain packaging and loading requirements that in some cases specify a type of strap, the minimum size or strength, or both, and type of joint or seal, or both, that must be used for certain types of shipments or under certain conditions. Users should consult with their carriers initially to determine if there are applicable, published requirements. Individual carriers may establish their own requirements (see 2.2).

1.3 Limitations- This guide is not intended to give specific information as to how strapping must be used in any particular packaging or loading situation. Rather it is intended to be informational in nature and is offered as a starting point for testing. The need for thorough user testing is to be emphasized as is a review of pertinent regulations that can influence the selection of sizes, types, and possibly, application methods.

1.4 The sections in this guide appear in the following order:

Section
Scope 1
Referenced Documents 2
Terminology 3
Significance and Use 4
Safety Hazards 5
General Considerations:
Properties of Strap Types 6
General Uses 7
Strap Tension 8
Packaging Design:
Distribution 9
Package Configuration10
Strap Selection11
Joining Methods and Properties
Joint Methods and Properties (except loop joint)12
Loop Joint and Seal Properties13
Coatings:
Strap Coatings and Purposes14
Application:
Equipment for Strap Application15
Strap Application16
Testing and Evaluation:
Testing and Developing Final Package Design17
Evaluation of Strap Failure18
Keywords19
Supplementary GuidelineS1

1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific safety hazard statements are given in Section 5 and Note 13.1 and 15.3.

Document History

May 1, 2014
Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials1
1.1 This guide1 covers information on flat strapping materials (steel and nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and information on suggested...
April 1, 2014
Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
1.1 This guide covers information on flat strapping materials (steel and nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and information on suggested...
ASTM D4675-09
March 1, 2009
Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
1.1 This guide covers information on flat strapping materials (steel or nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and applied configuration for...
March 1, 2009
Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
1.1 This guide covers information on flat strapping materials (steel or nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and applied configuration for...
October 1, 2006
Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
1.1 This guide covers information on flat strapping materials (steel or nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and applied configuration for...
October 1, 2006
Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
1.1 This guide covers information on flat strapping materials (steel or nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and applied configuration for...
October 1, 2006
Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
1.1 This guide covers information on flat strapping materials (steel or nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and applied configuration for...
April 10, 2003
Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
1.1 This guide covers information on flat strapping materials (steel or nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and applied configuration for...
April 10, 2000
Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
1.1 This guide covers information on flat strapping materials (steel or nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and applied configuration for...
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