ASTM International - ASTM D1298-99
Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
|Publication Date:||10 June 1999|
1.1 This practice covers the laboratory determination, using a glass hydrometer, of the density, relative density (specific gravity), or API gravity of crude petroleum, petroleum products, or mixtures of petroleum and nonpetroleum products normally handled as liquids, and having a Reid vapor pressure (Test Method D323, or IP 69) of (179 kPa) 26 lb or less. Values are measured on a hydrometer at convenient temperatures, readings of density being reduced to 15°C, and readings of relative density (specific gravity) and API gravity to 60°F, by means of international standard tables. By means of these same tables, values determined in any one of the three systems of measurement are convertible to equivalent values in either of the other two so that measurements may be made in the units of local convenience.
1.2 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of whoever uses this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.> For specific hazard statements, see 9.1.