ASTM International - ASTM A456/A456M-99(2003)
Standard Specification for Magnetic Particle Examination of Large Crankshaft Forgings
|Publication Date:||1 October 2003|
|ICS Code (Iron and steel forgings):||77.140.85|
1.1 This is an acceptance specification for the magnetic particle inspection of forged steel crankshafts having main bearing journals or crankpins 4 in. [200 mm] or larger in diameter.
1.2 There are three classes, with acceptance standards of increasing severity:
1.2.1 Class 1.
1.2.2 Class 2 (originally the sole acceptance standard of Specification A 456).
1.2.3 Class 3 (formerly covered in Supplementary Requirement S1 of Specification A 456-64 (1970)).
1.3 This specification is not intended to cover continuous grain flow crankshafts, however, Test Method A 983/A 983M may be used for this purpose.
Note 1-Specification A 668/A 688M is a product specification which may be used for crankshaft forgings.
1.4 The values stated in either inches or SI (metric) units are to be regarded separately as the standard. Within the text and figures, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.
1.5 Unless the order specifies the applicable "M" specification designation, the material shall be furnished to the inch units.
This test method deals with the acceptance criteria for the magnetic particle examination of forged steel crankshafts and forgings having large main bearing journal or crankpin diameters. Covered... View More
This test method deals with the acceptance criteria for the magnetic particle examination of forged steel crankshafts and forgings having large main bearing journal or crankpin diameters. Covered here are three classes of forgings, which shall be evaluated under two areas of inspection, namely: major critical areas, and minor critical areas. During inspection, magnetic particle indications shall be classified as: surface indications, which include nonmetallic inclusions or stringers, open or twist cracks, flakes, or pipes; open or pinpoint indications; and non-open indications. Procedures for dimpling, depressing, inspection, and product marking are also mentioned.View Less