ASTM International - ASTM F1591-95
Standard Practice for Visual Signals Between Persons on the Ground and in Aircraft During Ground Emergencies
|Publication Date:||1 January 2000|
1.1 This practice covers the signals to be used between persons on the ground and in aircraft when two-way voice communications cannot be established during ground emergencies. Ground signals are limited to land-based ones that do not require special equipment. Flare, light, panel, and maritime signals are specifically excluded.
1.2 The signals are divided into two categories: those used by persons on the ground and those used by aircraft.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.