ASTM International - ASTM D5878-00
Standard Guide for Using Rock Mass Classification Systems for Engineering Purposes
|Publication Date:||10 April 2000|
|ICS Code (Geology. Meteorology. Hydrology):||07.060|
1.1 This guide covers the selection of a suitable system of classification of rock mass for specific engineering purposes, such as tunneling and shaft-sinking, excavation of rock chambers, ground support, modification and stabilization of rock slopes, and preparation of foundations and abutements. These classification systems may also be of use in work on rippability of rock, quality of construction materials, and erosion resistance. Although widely used classification systems are treated in this guide, systems not included here may be more appropriate in some situations, and may be added to subsequent editions of this standard.
1.2 The valid, effective use of this guide is contingent upon the prior complete definition of the engineering purposes to be served and on the complete and competent definition of the geology and hydrology of the engineering site. Further, the person or persons using this guide must have had field experience in studying rock-mass behavior. An appropriate reference for geological mapping in the underground is provided by Guide D 4879.
1.3 This guide identifies the essential characteristics of each of the five included classification systems. It does not include detailed guidance for application to all engineering purposes for which a particular system might be validly used. Detailed descriptions of the five systems are presented in STP 984 with abundant references to source literature.
1.4 The range of applications of each of the systems has grown since its inception. This guide summarizes the major fields of application up to this time of each of the five classification systems.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.