ASTM International - ASTM B322-99(2020)e1

Standard Guide for Cleaning Metals Prior to Electroplating

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 November 2020
Status: active
Page Count: 9
ICS Code (Metallic coatings): 25.220.40
significance And Use:

2.1 The performance and quality of electroplated articles depend upon the surface cleanliness and condition. Various metals are electroplated for decorative or engineering finishes. The common... View More

scope:

1.1 This guide describes the procedure for cleaning metal surfaces to obtain good adhesion of electrodeposited metals. The degree of cleanliness required for metals to be electroplated is greater than for most other finishes. Methods of removal of heat-treat or mill scale are not included in these methods, because they are covered in practices referring to specific metals. It should also be understood that while these procedures are broadly applicable, particular substrates may require certain specific cleaning procedures.

1.2 Adequate cleaning requires a proper combination of cleaning procedures. The choice of these procedures must be based on a knowledge of the metals to be cleaned and of the soils to be removed. Because most experience and knowledge in cleaning have been obtained by suppliers of proprietary processes and formulations, these sources should be consulted before setting up a cleaning process.

1.3 A treatment to remove tarnish, light rust, fingerprints, or oxides is usually provided before immersion of the piece in the electroplating tank. This treatment activates the metal and is usually accomplished in acid baths which also serve to neutralize the residual alkaline film from alkaline cleaning. Alkaline chelated derusting and cleaning solutions, alone or with sodium cyanide, used as a soak or electrocleaner, are often preferred before electroplating on ferrous alloys.

1.4 Invariably several stages are necessary to provide adequate cleaning. These stages are discussed in three parts:

Part Iâ€"Precleaning (use of a solvent, emulsion, or alkaline spray) to remove the bulk of the soil.

Part IIâ€"Intermediate (alkaline) cleaning.

Part IIIâ€"Final electrocleaning, to remove trace solids and especially adherent impurities.

Part IVâ€"Trouble shooting.

Often, depending largely on the amount and type of soil on the workpieces as received, one or more of these stages may be eliminated or modified. Usually, even with light soils, it is advisable to retain multistage cleaning, thereby increasing the life and efficiency of the cleaning solutions.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (For more specific safety precautionary statements see Sections 11 and 16.)

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Document History

ASTM B322-99(2020)e1
November 1, 2020
Standard Guide for Cleaning Metals Prior to Electroplating
1.1 This guide describes the procedure for cleaning metal surfaces to obtain good adhesion of electrodeposited metals. The degree of cleanliness required for metals to be electroplated is greater...
November 1, 2014
Standard Guide for Cleaning Metals Prior to Electroplating
1.1 This guide describes the procedure for cleaning metal surfaces to obtain good adhesion of electrodeposited metals. The degree of cleanliness required for metals to be electroplated is greater...
September 1, 2009
Standard Guide for Cleaning Metals Prior to Electroplating
1.1 This guide describes the procedure for cleaning metal surfaces to obtain good adhesion of electrodeposited metals. The degree of cleanliness required for metals to be electroplated is greater...
October 1, 2004
Standard Guide for Cleaning Metals Prior to Electroplating
1.1 This guide describes the procedure for cleaning metal surfaces to obtain good adhesion of electrodeposited metals. The degree of cleanliness required for metals to be electroplated is greater...
November 10, 1999
Standard Guide for Cleaning Metals Prior to Electroplating
1.1 This practice describes the procedure for cleaning metal surfaces to obtain good adhesion of electrodeposited metals. The degree of cleanliness required for metals to be electroplated is greater...
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