ASTM International - ASTM D7040-04(2020)
Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Levels of Phosphorus in ILSAC GF 4 and Similar Grade Engine Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
|Publication Date:||1 May 2020|
|ICS Code (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products):||75.100|
significance And Use:
4.1 This test method usually requires several minutes per sample. Other test methods which can be used for the determination of phosphorus in lubricating oils include WDXRF Test Method D4927 and... View More
4.1 This test method usually requires several minutes per sample. Other test methods which can be used for the determination of phosphorus in lubricating oils include WDXRF Test Method D4927 and ICPAES Test Methods D4951 and D5185. However, this test method provides more precise results than Test Methods D4951 or D5185.
4.2 Lubricating oils are typically blends of additive packages, and their specifications are also determined, in part, by elemental composition. This test method can be used to determine if unused lubricating oils meet specifications with respect to elemental composition.
4.3 It is expected that GF 4 grade engine oils marketed in the years 2004 to 2005 will have a maximum phosphorus concentration level of 500 mg/kg to 800 mg/kg. These limits are required to minimize poisoning of automotive emission control catalysts by volatile phosphorus species. It is anticipated that the later grades of oils may have even lower phosphorus levels.View Less
1.1 This test method covers the quantitative determination of phosphorus in unused lubricating oils, such as International Lubricant Standardization and Approval Committee (ILSAC) GF 4 and similar grade engine oils, by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry.
1.2 The precision statements are valid for dilutions in which the mass % sample in solvent is held constant in the range of 1 % to 5 % by mass oil.
1.3 The precision tables define the concentration ranges covered in the interlaboratory study (500 mg/kg to 800 mg/kg). However, both lower and higher concentrations can be determined by this test method. The low concentration limits are dependent on the sensitivity of the ICP instrument and the dilution factor. The high concentration limits are determined by the product of the maximum concentration defined by the linear calibration curve and the sample dilution factor.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.