ASTM International - ASTM D8256-20

Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation in the Sequence VH Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 May 2020
Status: active
Page Count: 90
ICS Code (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products): 75.100
significance And Use:

5.1 This test method is used to evaluate an automotive engine oil's control of engine deposits under operating conditions deliberately selected to accelerate deposit formation. This VH test method... View More

scope:

1.1 This test method is commonly referred to as the Sequence VH test, and it has been correlated with the Sequence VG test. The Sequence VG test was previously correlated with vehicles used in stop-and-go service prior to 1996, particularly with regard to sludge and varnish formation.3 It is one of the test methods required to evaluate oils intended to satisfy the API SN, SN Plus performance category.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.2.1 Exception-Where there is no direct SI equivalent such as screw threads, national pipe threads/diameters, tubing size, or specified single source equipment.

1.3 A table of contents follows:

  Section
Scope 1
Referenced Documents 2
Terminology 3
Summary of Test Method 4
Significance and Use 5
Apparatus (General Description) 6
Apparatus (The Test Engine) 7
Sequence VH Test Engine 7.1
Required New Engine Parts 7.2
Reusable Engine Parts 7.3
Specially Fabricated Engine Parts 7.4
Special Engine Measurement and Assembly Equipment 7.5
Miscellaneous Engine Components-Preparation 7.6
Solvents and Cleaners Required 7.7
Assembling the Test Engine-Preparations 7.8
Assembling the Test Engine-Installations 7.9
Engine Installation on the Test Stand 7.10
Engine Fluids (Supply/Discharge Systems) 8
Intake Air 8.1
Fuel and Fuel System 8.2
Engine Oil and Engine Oil System 8.3
Coolants 8.4
Measurement Instrumentation 9
Temperatures 9.1
Pressures 9.2
Flow Rates 9.3
Fuel Consumption 9.4
Speed and Torque 9.5
Exhaust Gas 9.6
Humidity 9.7
Miscellaneous Laboratory Equipment 10
Test Stand Calibration 11
Test Procedure 12
Pre-Test Procedure 12.1
Engine Operating Procedure 12.2
Periodic Measurements and Functions 12.3
Special Maintenance Procedures 12.4
Diagnostic Data Review 12.5
End of Test Procedure 12.6
Interpretation of Test Results 13
Parts Rating Area-Environment 13.1
Sludge Ratings 13.2
Varnish Ratings 13.3
Clogging 13.4
Sticking 13.5
Used Oil Analyses 13.6
Assessment of Test Validity 14
General 14.1
Used Oil Analyses-Interpretation 14.2
Blowby Flow Rate 14.3
Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) 14.4
Fuel Consumption Rate 14.5
Oil Consumption 14.6
Engine Parts Replacement 14.7
Quality Index 14.8
Final Test Report 15
Report Forms 15.1
Precision and Bias 16
Keywords 17
ANNEXES  
ASTM TMC: Organization Annex A1
ASTM TMC: Calibration Procedures Annex A2
ASTM TMC: Maintenance Activities Annex A3
ASTM TMC: Related Information Annex A4
Safety Precautions Annex A5
Control and Data Acquisition Requirements Annex A6
Detailed Specifications and Photographs of Apparatus Annex A7
Test Engine Part Number, Classification, and Usage Guidelines Annex A8
External Oil Heat Exchanger Cleaning Technique Annex A9
Sequence VH Report Forms and Data Dictionary Annex A10
Dipstick Calibration Annex A11
Critical Part Supplier List Annex A12
Operational Data Log-Engine Oil Annex A13
Rating Worksheets Annex A14
Fuel Injector Flow Measurements Annex A15
APPENDIXES  
Piston and Ring Measurements Record Forms Appendix X1
Sources of Materials and Information Appendix X2

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in 7.7, 7.7.1, 7.7.2, 7.7.3, 7.7.4, 7.7.5, A5.3.4, and A5.3.5.5.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Document History

ASTM D8256-20
May 1, 2020
Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation in the Sequence VH Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions
1.1 This test method is commonly referred to as the Sequence VH test, and it has been correlated with the Sequence VG test. The Sequence VG test was previously correlated with vehicles used in...
May 1, 2019
Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation in the Sequence VH Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions
1.1 This test method is commonly referred to as the Sequence VH3 test, and it has been correlated with the Sequence VG test. The Sequence VG test was previously correlated with vehicles used in...
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