ASTM International - ASTM F3411-19
Standard Specification for Remote ID and Tracking
|Publication Date:||1 December 2019|
1.1 This specification covers the performance requirements for remote identification (Remote ID) of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS). Remote ID allows governmental and civil identification of UAS for safety, security, and compliance purposes. The objective is to increase UAS remote pilot accountability by removing anonymity while preserving operational privacy for remote pilots, businesses, and their customers. Remote ID is an enabler of enhanced operations such as beyond visual line of sight (BVLOS) operations as well as operations over people.
1.2 This specification defines message formats, transmission methods, and minimum performance standards for two forms of Remote ID: broadcast and network. Broadcast Remote ID is based on the transmission of radio signals directly from a UAS to receivers in the UAS's vicinity. Network Remote ID is based on communication by means of the internet from a network Remote ID service provider (Net-RID SP) that interfaces directly or indirectly with the UAS, or with other sources in the case of non-equipped network participants.
1.3 This specification addresses the communications and test requirements of broadcast or network Remote ID, or both, in UAS and Net-RID SP systems.
1.4.1 This specification is applicable to UAS that operate at very low level (VLL) airspace over diverse environments including but not limited to rural, urban, networked, network degraded, and network denied environments, regardless of airspace class.
1.4.2 This specification neither purports to address UAS operating with approval to use ADS-B or secondary surveillance radar transponders, nor does it purport to solve ID needs of UAS for all operations.
1.4.3 In particular, this specification does not purport to address identification needs for UAS that are not participating in Remote ID or operators that purposefully circumvent Remote ID.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.5.1 Units of measurement included in this specification:
|deg, °||degrees of latitude and longitude, compass direction|
|dBm||decibel-milliwatts (radio frequency power)|
|ppm||parts per million (radio frequency variation)|
1.6 Table of Contents:
|Remote ID and Network Interoperability Conceptual Overview||4|
|Significance and Use||7|
|Precision and Bias||11|
|Packaging and Package Marking||13|
|ANNEX A1-Broadcast Authentication Verifier Service||Annex A1|
|ANNEX A2-Network Remote ID Interoperability Requirements, APIs, and Testing||Annex A2|
|ANNEX A3-Tables of Values||Annex A3|
|ANNEX A4-USS-DSS and USS-USS OpenAPI YAML Description||Annex A4|
|APPENDIX X1-Performance Characteristics||Appendix X1|
|APPENDIX X2-List of Subcommittee Participants and Contributors||Appendix X2|
|APPENDIX X3-Background Information||Appendix X3|
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Some specific hazards statements are given in Section 8 on Hazards.
1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.