ASTM International - ASTM E351-18

Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron—All Types

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 July 2018
Status: active
Page Count: 57
ICS Code (Chemical analysis of metals): 77.040.30
significance And Use:

4.1 These test methods for the chemical analysis of metals and alloys are primarily intended as referee methods to test such materials for compliance with compositional specifications,... View More

scope:

1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of pig iron, gray cast iron (including alloy and austenitic), white cast iron, malleable cast iron, and ductile (nodular) iron having chemical compositions within the following limits:

Element Composition Range, %
 
Aluminum 0.003 to  0.50
Antimony 0.005 to  0.03
Arsenic 0.02  to  0.10
Bismuth 0.001 to  0.03
Boron 0.001 to  0.10
Cadmium 0.001 to 0.005
Carbon 1.25  to  4.50
Cerium 0.005 to  0.05
Chromium 0.01  to 30.00
Cobalt 0.01  to  4.50
Copper 0.03  to  7.50
Lead 0.001 to  0.15
Magnesium 0.002 to  0.10
Manganese 0.06  to  2.50
Molybdenum 0.01  to  5.00
Nickel 0.01  to 36.00
Phosphorus 0.01  to  0.90
Selenium 0.001 to  0.06
Silicon 0.10 to 6.0   
Sulfur 0.005 to  0.25
Tellurium 0.001 to  0.35
Tin 0.001 to  0.35
Titanium 0.001 to  0.20
Tungsten 0.001 to  0.20
Vanadium 0.005 to  0.50
Zinc 0.005 to  0.20

1.2 The test methods in this standard are contained in the sections indicated below:

  Sections
 
Carbon, Graphitic, by the Direct Combustion Infrared Absorption Method (1 % to 3 %) 108-115
Carbon, Total by the Combustion Gravimetric Method (1.25 % to 4.50 %)-

Discontinued 2012

 97-107
Cerium and Lanthanum by the Direct Current Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry Method (Ce: 0.003 % to 0.5 %; La: 0.001 % to 0.30 %) 237-245
Chromium by the Atomic Absorption Method (0.006 % to 1.00 %) 208-217
Chromium by the Peroxydisulfate Oxidation-Titration Method (0.05 % to 30.0 %) 218-226
Chromium by the Peroxydisulfate-Oxidation Titrimetric Method (0.05 % to 30.0 %)-

Discontinued 1980

144-151
Cobalt by the Ion-Exchange-Potentiometric Titration Method (2.0 % to 4.5 %)  53-60
Cobalt by the Nitroso-R-Salt Spectrophotometric Method (0.01 % to 4.50 %)  61-70
Copper by the Neocuproine Spectrophotometric Method (0.03 % to 7.5 %) 116-125
Copper by the Sulfide Precipitation-Electrodeposition Gravimetric Method (0.03 % to 7.5 %)  81-88
Lead by the Ion-Exchange-Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Method (0.001 % to 0.15 %) 126-135
Magnesium by the Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Method (0.002 % to 0.10 %)  71-80
Manganese by the Periodate Spectrophotometric Method (0.10 % to 2.00 %)   9-18
Manganese by the Peroxydisulfate-Arsenite Titrimetric Method (0.10 % to 3.5 %) 152-159
Molybdenum by the Ion Exchange-8-Hydroxyquinoline Gravimetric Method 257-264
Molybdenum by the Thiocyanate Spectrophotometric Method (0.01 % to 1.5 %) 196-207
Nickel by the Dimethylglyoxime Gravimetric Method (0.1 % to 36.00 %) 168-175
Nickel by the Ion Exchange-Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Method (0.005 % to 1.00 %) 176-185
Phosphorus by the Alkalimetric Method (0.02 % to 0.90 %) 160-167
Phosphorus by the Molybdenum Blue Spectrophotometric Method (0.02 % to 0.90 %)  19-30
Silicon by the Gravimetric Method (0.1 % to 6.0 %)  46-52
Sulfur by the Gravimetric Method-

Discontinued 1988

 30-36
Sulfur by the Combustion-Iodate Titration Method (0.005 % to 0.25 %)-

Discontinued 2012

 37-45
Sulfur by the Chromatographic Gravimetric Method-

Discontinued 1980

136-143
Tin by the Solvent Extraction-Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Method (0.002 % to 0.10 %)  186-195
Tin by the Sulfide Precipitation-Iodometric Titration Method (0.01 % to 0.35 %)   89-96
Titanium by the Diantipyrylmethane Spectrophotometric Method (0.006 % to 0.35 %)  246-256
Vanadium by the Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Method (0.006 % to 0.15 %)  227-236

1.3 Procedures for the determination of carbon and sulfur not included in these test methods can be found in Test Methods E1019.

1.4 Some of the composition ranges given in 1.1 are too broad to be covered by a single method and therefore this standard contains multiple methods for some elements. The user must select the proper method by matching the information given in the Scope and Interference sections of each method with the composition of the alloy to be analyzed.

1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards statements are given in Section 6 and in special "Warning" paragraphs throughout these Methods.

1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Document History

ASTM E351-18
July 1, 2018
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron—All Types
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of pig iron, gray cast iron (including alloy and austenitic), white cast iron, malleable cast iron, and ductile (nodular) iron having chemical...
February 1, 2013
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron—All Types
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of pig iron, gray cast iron (including alloy and austenitic), white cast iron, malleable cast iron, and ductile (nodular) iron having chemical...
June 1, 2006
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron-All Types
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of pig iron, gray cast iron (including alloy and austenitic), white cast iron, malleable cast iron, and ductile (nodular) iron having chemical...
January 1, 2000
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron--All Types
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of pig iron, gray cast iron (including alloy and austenitic), white cast iron, malleable cast iron, and ductile (nodular) iron having chemical...
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