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Panamá: Present and future of energy supply
2008 Edition, July 1, 2008 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

This article summarizes the electric power sector in Panama since its very beginning in the XIX Century going thru the first private investments until the Panama Government took over in 1961. The nationalized enterprise lasted 37 years until year 1994 when it was privatized once again...

Simulating the Panama Canal: present and future
2004 Edition, Volume 2, January 1, 2004 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

This paper presents the methodologies and preliminary results of the project to develop a simulation model of the Panama Canal, one of the most famous waterway and locks system of the world. The case is based on the project conducted by Rockwell...

High performance cryptographic engine PANAMA: hardware implementation
2004 Edition, January 1, 2004 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

A hardware implementation of a dual operation cryptographic engine, PANAMA, is presented. The implementation of the PANAMA algorithm can be used both as a hash function and a stream cipher. A basic characteristic of PANAMA is a high degree...

Price Cap Regulation, the Panamanian Experience from the Regulator Point of View
2007 Edition, June 1, 2007 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

The electrical sector in the Republic of Panama was privatized in 1997. Distribution services are regulated using a "price cap" scheme. We present the Panamanian experience with Price Cap Regulation in the last 9 years.

Overview of foresight techniques in energy supply
2014 Edition, May 1, 2014 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Insuring long term stability of power supply is the reason why planning of technological development in the energy sector has become a question of great importance for governments worldwide. This is also the reason why the number of national and...

IoT in electricity supply chain: Review and evaluation
2017 Edition, November 1, 2017 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Digitalization of electrical utilities and supply chain is one of the main topics in energy area today. IoT (Internet of Things) and home automation devices are becoming common with increasing speed. This paper gives an updated review and...

Supply chain
2015 Edition, October 1, 2015 - International Institute for Innovation, Industrial Engineering and Entrepreneurship - I4e2

Some aspects of research supply chains problems are proposed in this regular session.

Sustainability and resilience of electric energy supply in urban environment
2011 Edition, March 1, 2011 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

The present distribution system is a passive radial system, which is protected by relays and operated by a SCADA system. This kind of radial system is not reliable in the face of exogenous and endogenous risks. Also, primary energy sources will be driven to...

Optimal Partitioning of Smart Distribution Systems into Supply-Sufficient Microgrids
Volume PP - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

This paper presents a systematic procedure for partitioning smart distribution systems into supply-sufficient microgrids. Firstly, renewable distributed generations (DGs) are optimally allocated in the distribution system. A multiobjective performance index including voltage profile...

Optimal Partitioning of Smart Distribution Systems Into Supply-Sufficient Microgrids
2019 Edition, Volume 10, May 1, 2019 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

This paper presents a systematic procedure for partitioning smart distribution systems into supply-sufficient microgrids. First, renewable distributed generations (DGs) are optimally allocated in the distribution system. A multiobjective performance index including voltage profile and...

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