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On the Exhaustion and Elimination of Trapping Sets: Algorithms & The Suppressing Effect
2007 Edition, June 1, 2007 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

This paper studies a systematic treatment of trapping sets in finite-length LDPC codes and its related theoretic properties. It is proven that the complexity of deciding the minimal trapping distance is NP-complete. Furthermore, exhausting...

Static Elimination in Vacuum
Volume PP - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Static charge on organic, electronic devices during fabrication causes damage that decreases production rates. While corona ionizers have long been used to control static charge in silicon device production and on polymer sheets and films, static charge on organic...

3D vertical RRAM architecture and operation algorithms with effective IR-drop suppressing and anti-disturbance
2015 Edition, May 1, 2015 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

We propose co-optimization of VRRAM cell structure and array architecture as well as IR-drop-aware read/write algorithms to overcome issues of disturbance and IR drop from long wire. A bi-directional diode (2D) access device is combined with one resistor to form...

Effect of Prompt Particle Events on OLCI Ocean Color Imagery in the South Atlantic Anomaly: Detection and Removal
Volume PP - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

It has been found that cosmic rays and massive charged particles trapped in the magnetosphere or arriving from the sun might produce spike noise over the dark offset signal coming from charge-coupled devices (CCDs) on optic sensors such as Ocean and...

Exhaustion of Patents [Patent Reviews]
2016 Edition, Volume 3, June 1, 2016 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

A recent case involving printer cartridges suggests that the first sale doctrine and the exhaustion of patents may not be as simple as stated. As discussed in previous GÇ£Patent ReviewsGÇ¥ columns, a patent gives its owner the right to exclude others from...

Neural network- fuzzy adaptive PID controller based on VIENNA rectifier
2018 Edition, November 1, 2018 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

After establishing the Vienna rectifier mathematical model, we set the PID parameters through the intelligent algorithm to overcome the poor effect of the traditional voltage and current double closed loop PI controller when it...

An Efficient Approach for Accelerating Bucket Elimination on GPUs
Volume PP - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Bucket elimination (BE) is a framework that encompasses several algorithms, including belief propagation (BP) and variable elimination for constraint optimization problems (COPs). BE has significant computational requirements that can be addressed by using graphics...

Forecasting IPv4 exhaustion and IPv6 migration
2016 Edition, August 1, 2016 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

The Internet is a global network comprising of various devices that are interconnected with each other through a communication protocol called the Internet Protocol (IP). Since its creation, the Internet has run on Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4). However, due...

Energy exhaustion attacks in wireless networks
2017 Edition, September 1, 2017 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Security is the challenge that world community will need to overcome for the Internet of Things (IoT) comes true. It needs to protect IoT users from known and potential attacks. The traditional approach for security system design is expected to fail, because most...

Energy Exhaustion Attack on Barrett's Reduction
2018 Edition, August 1, 2018 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Modular reduction is an integral part of the underlying computation in several cryptographic systems. This paper identifies a potential vulnerability in one of the most well-known reduction algorithms, namely Barrett's reduction algorithm. The...

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