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Alphabet Soup: The Impossibility of Defining STEM
July 11, 2018 - IEEE GlobalSpec

While academics have naturally grouped together science, technology, engineering and math for at least 50 years, STEM evolved from the older METS acronym in the 1990s. Since that time, technologists and others have voiced opinions on why STEM alone misses the mark, and which additional...

Is STEM Better Off as STEAM?
May 14, 2018 - IEEE GlobalSpec

In Robert A. Heinlein's 1973 novel "Time Enough For Love," protagonist Lazarus Long describes a set of somewhat unrealistic requirements for existence: "A human being should be able to change a diaper, plan an invasion, butcher a hog, conn a ship, design a building, write a...

Use of LIDAR in Forestry Applications
March 30, 2017 - IEEE GlobalSpec

Light detection and ranging (LIDAR), a developing technique in the field of remote sensing, does carry a significant premium and although its spatial field may be limited in comparison to satellite imagery, it offers unprecedented accuracy and is emerging as a preferred technique in...

ASTM F3263-17 - Standard Guide for Packaging Test Method Validation
December 15, 2017 - ASTM International

1.1 This guide provides information to clarify the process of validating packaging test methods specific for an organization utilizing them as well as through inter-laboratory studies (ILS), addressing consensus standards with inter-laboratory studies (ILS) and methods specific to an...

Terahertz Waves: Poised for a Breakthrough?
June 2, 2016 - IEEE GlobalSpec

Somewhere between light waves and radio waves lies a relatively unexplored part of the electromagnetic spectrum made up of terahertz frequencies. Researcher James Kolodzey of the University of Delaware calls this part of the spectrum the "final...

Q&A with Stephen Ambrose, Audio Pioneer
October 27, 2016 - IEEE GlobalSpec

In the mid-1960s, Stephen Ambrose invented what is recognized as the world's first wireless in-ear monitor technology (IEM). A professional musician from the age of 12, he began modifying swimmer's earplugs with speakers and clay and completed his first IEM in 1965. The device marked one...

UV LEDs: A Cool Alternative to Arc Lamps
December 9, 2014 - IEEE GlobalSpec

LEDs are efficient. The Nobel Prize committee understands this; in December in Stockholm they present the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics jointly to Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura for the invention of blue light-emitting diodes. These blue LEDs enabled the development...

The Precision (and Promise) of the James Webb Space Telescope
April 2, 2015 - IEEE GlobalSpec

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is a large space-based observatory scheduled for launch in October 2018. Originally called the Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST), it was renamed in 2002 in honor of James E. Webb, second administer of the U.S. space agency, NASA...

Is Hyperspectral Imaging Ready to Take Off?
October 20, 2014 - IEEE GlobalSpec

After the Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded and spilled oil in the Gulf of Mexico in April 2010, the U.S. space agency, NASA, deployed its Earth Resources-2 aircraft to detect the presence, extent and concentration of the spill. Equipped with the airborne visible/infrared imaging...

How to Select an Automation Systems Integrator
June 4, 2015 - IEEE GlobalSpec

When the time comes to retrofit or build an automation system, industrial facilities have two options: handle the project internally or hire an integrator. Upon examination, many plants find that their engineers may not be well suited to the task of integrating an automation system, or that...

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