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How to Control Emergence of Behaviours in a Holarchy
2008 Edition, October 1, 2008 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

An open issue in self-organisation is how to control the emergence of behaviour. This issue is also of interest for engineering holonic multi-agent systems as any level of a holarchy is dependant of the emergent...

Building a Holarchy Using Business Process-Oriented Holonic (PrOH) Modeling
2007 Edition, Volume 37, January 1, 2007 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

The application of systems thinking to designing, managing, and improving business processes has developed a new "holonic-based" process modeling methodology. The theoretical background and the methodology are described using examples taken from a large organization...

Emergence of human-comparable balancing behaviours by deep reinforcement learning
2017 Edition, November 1, 2017 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

This paper presents a hierarchical framework based on deep reinforcement learning that naturally acquires control policies that are capable of performing balancing behaviours such as ankle push-offs for humanoid robots, without explicit human design of controllers...

How-To Web Pages
2007 Edition, Volume 40, August 1, 2007 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

How to pages constitute unique online collections of practical instructions, personal stories, and multimedia illustrations. Though independent creations, they are linked together through the Web to form large repositories of useful information. Emerging Web 2.0...

How to Benchmark Supercomputers
2015 Edition, August 1, 2015 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Benchmarks are designed to mimic a particular type of workload on a component or system of supercomputer to compare platforms, identify performance bottlenecks, evaluate potential solutions, and help users in their decision of buying or using...

How to pattern codes?
2015 Edition, June 1, 2015 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Besides bar coding and fingerprinting objects of the physical world, we introduce here the idea of patterning codes i.e. of making patterns from codes in imitation of a process of pattern formation compatible with physics. The case of images...

How to survive email
2014 Edition, May 1, 2014 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Email is a good servant but a bad master. Email as a useful tool for communication hides many potential threats. As well as it is fast and straightforward it can easily grow to a state when user must deal with hundreds of email every month, not being able...

Planning how to learn
2013 Edition, May 1, 2013 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

When a robot uses an imperfect system model to plan its actions, a key challenge is the exploration-exploitation trade-off between two sometimes conflicting objectives: (i) learning and improving the model, and (ii) immediate progress towards the goal, according to the...

How To [3 books reviewed]
2014 Edition, Volume 34, July 1, 2014 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

This column reviews three books: Making Word 2010 Work for You: An Editor's Intro to the Tool of the Trade by Hilary Powers; DITA Best Practices: A Roadmap for Writing, Editing, and Architecting in DITA by Laura Bellamy, Michelle Carey, and Jenifer Schlotfeldt; and Word...

How to “digitize” metamaterials
2015 Edition, September 1, 2015 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Inspired by the Boolean algebra, the notion of digital electronics and the binary number theory, we have developed the methodologies to "digitize" metamaterials. We explore how an arbitrary value of the permittivity function can, in principle, be synthesized by...

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