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How and When Do Subnational Institutions Matter for R&D Investment? Evidence From the Chinese Pharmaceutical Sector
Volume PP - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Drawing on new institutional economics and the innovation literature, this paper examines how subnational institutions can impact corporate research and development (R&D) investment in emerging economies. The study further...

How and When Do Subnational Institutions Matter for R&D Investment? Evidence From the Chinese Pharmaceutical Sector
2018 Edition, Volume 65, August 1, 2018 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Drawing on new institutional economics and the innovation literature, this paper examines how subnational institutions can impact corporate research and development (R&D) investment in emerging economies. The study further...

The Contingent Value of Resource Complementarity for Alliance Performance: Evidence From Chinese Manufacturing Firms
Volume PP - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Despite its critical role in ex ante alliance formation decisions, the impact of resource complementarity on alliance ex post performance, particularly in emerging economies, remains underexplored. Informed by the resource-based view (RBV), this study extends this line of research by...

Finding Stories in the Threads: Can Technical Communication Students Leverage User-Generated Content to Gain Subject-Matter Familiarity?
Volume PP - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Background: Previous research on user-generated content in technical communication focused primarily on non-traditional forms of technical communication outside of traditional institutions and organizations. User-generated content from the forum StackOverflow provides...

Retaining Quranic Memorisation for Huffaz at the Malaysian Tertiary Institutions: Key Challenges and Future IoT Potentialities
2019 Edition, August 1, 2019 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

The transformation of tahfiz al-Quran (Quranic preservation) education in Malaysia has produced innumerable secondary school huffaz (those who have committed the Quran to memory) who would be entering tertiary institutions to further their studies in various professional field....

How Developers Choose Names
Volume PP - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

The names of variables and functions serve as implicit documentation and are instrumental for program comprehension. But choosing good meaningful names is hard. We perform a sequence of experiments in which a total of 334 subjects are required to choose names in given...

Finding Stories in the Threads: Can Technical Communication Students Leverage User-Generated Content to Gain Subject-Matter Familiarity?
2019 Edition, Volume 62, December 1, 2019 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Background: Previous research on user-generated content in technical communication focused primarily on non-traditional forms of technical communication outside of traditional institutions and organizations. User-generated content from the forum StackOverflow provides...

Learning How Design Choices Impact Gameplay Behavior
Volume PP - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Any given game is one instance from a design space of alternatives. Navigating a design space to achieve a designer's goals requires knowledge of how design choices shape the play space in a game. We present algorithms to automatically measure play patterns using statistical...

How to Use the IEEEtran BIBTEX Style
Volume PP - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

This article describes how to use the IEEEtran.bst BIBTEX style file to produce bibliographies that conform to the standards of the publications of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

Technology Innovation Stratagem and Role Played by MNCs: Evidence from Chinese Pharmaceutical Sector
2007 Edition, September 1, 2007 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

It is widely regarded that the pharmaceutical sector is quite different from other manufactures for its character in innovation activities. This paper analyzed the nature of innovation activities by multinational companies (MNCs) which stand for...

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