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1.55 µm high-speed VCSELs enabling error-free fiber-transmission up to 25 Gbit/s
2010 Edition, September 1, 2010 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

We present 1.55-µm short-cavity VCSELs with modulation bandwidths beyond 17 GHz and extremely low parasitics. These devices are the first long-wavelength VCSELs enabling error-free data-transmission at 25-Gb/s over 4.2 km standard...

State-of-the-art and perspectives for long-wavelength high speed VCSELs
2011 Edition, June 1, 2011 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

In this work, the latest advances in 1550 nm high-speed short-cavity (SC) VCSELs are presented. The electrical, optical and thermal design of these devices is discussed with respect to their high-speed modulation behaviour. The implemented design...

High-speed oxide confined 850-nm VCSELs operating error-free at 47 Gbit/s at room temperature and 40 Gbit/s at 85°C
2013 Edition, May 1, 2013 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Summary form only given. Optical links based on multimode fiber and 850 nm VCSELs are critical elements in high performance computing systems, datacenters, and other short reach datacom networks. These applications are driving the demand for high bandwidth and it is...

Energy-efficient high-speed InP-based 1.3 µm short-cavity VCSELs
2013 Edition, June 1, 2013 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

In this paper, the enhanced high-speed performance and energy-efficiency of 1.3 μm Short-Cavity VCSEL with buried-tunnel-junction is reported. Error-free data-transmission at 30 Gb/s up to 10 km and at 25 Gb/s up...

Oxide-Relief and Zn-Diffusion 850-nm Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers With Extremely Low Energy-to-Data-Rate Ratios for 40 Gbit/s Operations
2013 Edition, Volume 19, March 1, 2013 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

We demonstrate novel structures of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) for high-speed (~40 Gbit/s) operation with ultralow power consumption performance. Downscaling the size of oxide aperture of VCSELs is one of the most effective ways...

32 Gb/s transmission experiments using high speed 850 nm VCSELs
2009 Edition, May 1, 2009 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

We demonstrate error free transmission at bit rates up to 32 Gb/s at room temperature and 25 Gb/s at 85°C using a 9 µm oxide aperture 850 nm VCSEL. The VCSEL design is optimized for high speed operation by...

1550-nm High-Speed Short-Cavity VCSELs
2011 Edition, Volume 17, September 1, 2011 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

The latest advances in 1550-nm high-speed short-cavity vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) are presented. The electrical, optical, and thermal design of these devices is discussed with respect to their high-speed modulation behavior. The...

High-speed 850 nm quasi-single-mode VCSELs for extended-reach optical interconnects
2013 Edition, Volume 5, July 1, 2013 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

This paper presents recent results on high-speed, quasi-single-mode, 850 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) with a narrow spectral width for extended-reach optical interconnects. The top mirror reflectivity is adjusted for high output power, slope...

850 nm optical components for 25 Gb/s optical fiber data communication links over 100 m at 85°C
2011 Edition, November 1, 2011 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

We report on the development of 25Gb/s 850nm VCSEL and PD components for efficient short-reach optical fiber communication systems. VCSELs with the aperture size 6-7µm show the highest −3dB bandwidth (∼20GHz) and D-factor (∼8Ghz/mA1/2). K-factor is less than 0.25ns for...

ST 55:2011 - For Motion-Picture Film — 35- and 16-mm Television Release Prints — Leaders and Cue Marks
2011 Edition, January 3, 2011 - Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers

This standard specifies the make-up or assembly of leaders and cue marks for 35- and 16-mm analog audio motion-picture release prints for use in television studios.

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