Heating of Railway Motors in Service and on Test-Floor Runs

Author(s): G. E. Luke
Publisher: IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
Publication Date: 1 January 1922
Volume: XLI
Page(s): 165 - 176
ISSN (Paper): 0096-3860
DOI: 10.1109/T-AIEE.1922.5060772



The rating given to a motor is the manufacturer's guarantee of the motor performance under the conditions given on the name plate. Assuming that this rating is entirely safe, then the successful functioning of the motor depends entirely upon the application engineer's analysis of the particular duty that the motor will be required to perform. Where the required motor output is practically constant the application is simple; however, in many cases the motor load is apt to be anything but constant, consisting of loads of all degrees of magnitude, and in such cases the economically correct application is especially difficult. The past improvements made in the motor design, mechanically and electrically, have resulted in greater importance of the motor-operating temperatures, in fact in the great majority of cases the motor rating is limited only by the motor temperature. It is obvious then that correct motor applications depend to a very great extent upon correct operating temperatures. Ratings such as the continuous, short-time, normal, and dutycycle ratings give the performance of the motors under some particular conditions; however, the duty required of a great number of industrial and railway motors will not agree with any of the above ratings. Thus the application of motors to cranes, hoists, steel mills, and railways must be made with the knowledge of the motor's performance under one or more arbitrary conditions. In general the two ratings which should be known for motor application to such irregular duty are the continuous and a short-time rating.