The Electrically Driven Gyroscope in Marine Work

Author(s): H. C. Ford
Publisher: IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
Publication Date: 1 January 1914
Volume: XXXIII
Page(s): 857 - 872
ISSN (Paper): 0096-3860
DOI: 10.1109/T-AIEE.1914.4765162



The gyroscope when continuously driven by electric power may be used for various purposes, many of its applications having especial value in marine work. Small gyroscopes are used to establish base lines for the measurement or control of angular motion. The gyro-compass makes use of the earth's daily rotation and consequent changing direction of gravity to secure a directive force a hundredfold greater and more accurate than that of the magnetic compass. A general description is given of the gyro-compass as adopted by the United States Navy for use on all the battleships and submarine vessels. Many electrical and mechanical devices have been developed to perform the various functions whereby an instrument of great precision has been secured. Large gyroscopes are made which are capable of counteracting enormous wave forces and completely stabilizing any ship against rolling in the heaviest seas.