202-1954 IEEE Standards on Television: Methods of Measurement of Aspect Ratio and Geometric Distortion

inactive - Inactive: Withdrawn
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Organization: IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
Publication Date: 12 January 1954
Status: inactive
Page(s): 1 - 10
ISBN (Online): 978-1-5044-0200-2
DOI: 10.1109/IEEESTD.1954.7370736

Abstracts

Regular

IN A TELEVISION SYSTEM, it is through the agency of the scanning process that the two-dimensional space function, comprising the image at the camera, is transformed into a one-dimensional time function for transmission; at the receiver, the reverse procedure is used to recreate the image. Ideally, the velocities of the scanning apertures should be uniform in both the horizontal and vertical directions; furthermore, these two directions of motion should be orthogonal at all points in the raster. Finally, the ratio of the maximum excursions of the apertures in the horizontal and vertical directions of the transmitted picture, i.e., the aspect ratio, should be the same at both the transmitter and receiver. If there is departure from any of these conditions, geometric distortion results (except in the trivial case where the transmitter and receiver happen to contain compensating errors). It should also be noted that even in the case where the scanning aperture itself meets the desired conditions, the optical systems may contribute to the total geometric distortion; this applies to either the transmitter or receiver.

Standard

IN A TELEVISION SYSTEM, it is through the agency of the scanning process that the two-dimensional space function, comprising the image at the camera, is transformed into a one-dimensional time function for transmission; at the receiver, the reverse procedure is used to recreate the image. Ideally, the velocities of the scanning apertures should be uniform in both the horizontal and vertical directions; furthermore, these two directions of motion should be orthogonal at all points in the raster. Finally, the ratio of the maximum excursions of the apertures in the horizontal and vertical directions of the transmitted picture, i.e., the aspect ratio, should be the same at both the transmitter and receiver. If there is departure from any of these conditions, geometric distortion results (except in the trivial case where the transmitter and receiver happen to contain compensating errors). It should also be noted that even in the case where the scanning aperture itself meets the desired conditions, the optical systems may contribute to the total geometric distortion; this applies to either the transmitter or receiver.

Document History

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This standard specifies the measurement methods and characteristic electroacoustic frequency response of the B-chain of motion-picture dubbing theaters (mixing rooms), screening rooms, and indoor theaters whose room volume exceeds 125 m (4414 ft). It is intended to assist in standardization of monit...

RP 202:2008 - Video Alignment for Compression Coding
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This practice specifies the spatial alignment for video compression (bit-rate reduction) encoders and decoders, including but not limited to MPEG-2, MPEG-4 Part 10 (AVC) and SMPTE VC-1. Both standard-definition and high-definition video formats for production, distribution, and emission systems are ...

202-1954 - IEEE Standards on Television: Methods of Measurement of Aspect Ratio and Geometric Distortion
January 12, 1954 - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

IN A TELEVISION SYSTEM, it is through the agency of the scanning process that the two-dimensional space function, comprising the image at the camera, is transformed into a one-dimensional time function for transmission; at the receiver, the reverse procedure is used to recreate the image. Ideally, t...

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